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respirometer Applications

  • Respirometer Applications

    Measurement of the aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials (US Standard ASTM D5338, European Standard ISO 14855)

    By ECHO d.o.o. based in Slovenske Konjice, SLOVENIA.

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    Oxygen monitoring from aerobic and anaerobic for toxicity test

    Toxicity of pure chemicals is assessed using respirometers by adding increasing concentrations to an active culture. The concentration at which oxygen uptake or gas production begins to decrease is known as the “threshold toxicant concentration.”

    By Respirometer Systems and Applications, LLC based in Springdale, ARKANSAS (USA).

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    Oxygen monitoring from aerobic and anaerobic for biomass activity tests

    Pulse-Flow respirometers can be used to assess biomass activity for aerobic and anaerobic reactions. In aerobic tests, cultures are combined with nutrients, trace minerals, and an organic substrate – such as acetic acid or ethanol. The maximum oxygen uptake rate reflects the amount of active biomass in the test culture.

    By Respirometer Systems and Applications, LLC based in Springdale, ARKANSAS (USA).

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity reduction tests

    In industrial manufacturing companies, before a new process comes on-line, it is important to measure the toxicity of the effluent stream. This is especially the case for companies who treat their own waste. From the toxicity value (EC50) obtained, it may be a cost-effective solution to simply discharge the effluent to the treatment works at a slow and defined rate to minimise damage to the activated sludge. Following a period of acclimatisation it is often possible to increase feed rates to the plant and this can again be managed using the Strathtox Respirometer. An alternative approach is to undertake toxicity reduction procedures, such as neutralisation or acid hydrolysis, in pilot-scale laboratory studies. The Respiration or the Nitrification Inhibition Test may be used for this. In the future, toxicity reduction may be stipulated by local authority, water company or publicly-owned treatment works prior to giving discharge consents. Toxicity reduction may be evaluated using toxicity tests on activated sludge provided by the treatment works.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in Motherwell, UNITED KINGDOM.

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