Osmosis is the phenomenon of lower dissolved solids in water passing through a semi-permeable membrane into higher dissolved solids water until a near equilibrium is reached. Reverse Osmosis (RO) is a membrane process of purification which removes most of the the total dissolved solids (TDS) in water by reversing the natural process of osmosis. Pressure is applied to a TDS-concentrated solution against a semi-permeable membrane, causing pure water to diffuse through the membrane. RO has become an important process for a wide variety of applications including: medical, laboratory, desalination, industrial wastewater, Deionized (Dl) pretreatment, and drinking water.
By Myron L Company based in Carlsbad, CALIFORNIA (USA).
In desalination plants it is of great importance for the operation of the entire plant that the pre-treatment of the water is good before the salt is to be removed. For reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plants a good pre-treatment is essential for avoiding membrane fouling, resulting in reduced water production and increased operational costs.
By Filtralite - Leca Norge As based in Alnabru, NORWAY.
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