At frst it seems impossible: how can a sensor on board of a satellite circling the earth at an altitude of some 700 kilometers not only identify the total biomass of algae in the water, but also identify species of algae. This is related to what remote sensing specialists call the refectance spectrum of the water. The spectrum is a specifc fngerprint that is created by measuring the refection of water using extremely sensitive sensors, either onboard of a satellite or inside our equipment on the ground. We use a variety of algorithms to translate refectance spectra into concentrations of specifc compounds and phytoplankton species
By BlueLeg Monitor BV based in JG Sneek, NETHERLANDS.
The Meteorological research community is very ambitious to understand climate changes and global impact on life. With modern advanced measurement equipment, e.g. satellites, remote sensing technologies and sophisticated computer models, multiple meteorological parameters can be analyzed at a large scale at the same time. As the climate system is very complex it is difficult to give accurate predictions of our future climate. We work with climate models, which are based on the consequences of impacts thus far observed. Apart from these impacts additional forcings occur, which make it even harder to give reliable climate predictions. Nevertheless, our present sophisticated climate models enable us to give a characterization of our future climate. For instance, we expect that before the end of this century, the average surface temperature will have increased by 1.4º to 5.8ºC.
By EKO Instruments based in San Jose, CALIFORNIA (USA).
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