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sludge sampling Applications

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity tracking

    If toxicity is identified in a mixed sewage entering a treatment works, the problem for the plant manager is to track and identify the source of the toxicity. This can be done by sampling the effluent stream at various points in its length. By working in a logical sequence back up the sewer network the number of samples can be minimised. This type of testing should be rigorously enforced for new product introduction by a waste producer, as well as sampling the effluents directly at source. The samples would be tested against the activated sludge of the receiving works, using the Respiration Inhibition Test or the Nitrification Inhibition Test.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in Motherwell, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • X-ray fluorescence XRF analysis for environmental protection and waste management

    To meet the requirements of new regulations and to protect the environment effectively, industries need techniques that enable the analysis of elements at lowest concentration levels. Bruker X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis is the most suitable analytical technique for handling different kinds of materials. Bruker’s XRF, ICP-MS, GC, TOF-MS, FT-IR, CBRNE products and applications help you to monitor contaminated land efficiently and quickly, to determine hazardous elements in the air and water, as well as to classify waste material and to specify products for recycling and disposal. Whether solids, sludge, filters, liquids or powders: there is a fast and simple sample preparation technique for every material type.

    By Bruker Corporation based in Billerica, MASSACHUSETTS (USA).

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity based consents

    Water companies, water authorities or publicly-owned treatment works (POTW) need to have some knowledge of the composition of the wastes they it receive. In addition to testing for ammonia and BOD or COD levels, treatment works can license industrial discharges on the basis of concentrations of some of the known toxic compounds. However, it is recognised that very many non-regulated toxic materials still enter the treatment works and reduce the efficiency of biodegradation, and may cause toxic shock. The way is now open for more widespread use of direct toxicity tests as a basis for toxicity-based consents. Samples of the industrial effluent are collected at source, for testing on the actual bacteria of the receiving activated sludge. The tests used are the Respiration Inhibition Test and the Nitrification Inhibition Test. Note that this approach mirrors that of the regulators of discharges to receiving waters, who are now using direct toxicity tests (DTA) or whole effluent toxicity tests (WET tests) in order to protect the receiving environment.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in Motherwell, UNITED KINGDOM.

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