The migration of magma towards the surface in a volcano is usually accompanied by the release of gas that was previously dissolved in the magma itself. In an open conduit volcano, most of the gas escapes through the main conduits of the volcano and then through the craters. However, a significant proportion (approximately 10%) of the total quantity of gas can escape laterally through faults and fractures that are normally present in the flanks of a volcano. Therefore, increases in the amount of gas emitted...
Measurement of greenhouse gases released from soil and water surface forms an important part of climate change study. Microbial activity in the soil or for instance the melting of permafrost releases greenhouse gases such as Methane and nitrous oxide N2O into the atmosphere. Measurement of the concentration for these gases inside an open-bottom soil chamber placed on the soil over time tells the emission rate (flux) per chamber footprint area.
Closed chamber gas flux measurements can be made with Protea FTIR analysers to allow researchers in the field of atmospheric gas analysis from agricultural and livestock to measure evolved gases such as N2O, CO2, CO, NH3, and CH4. Nitrous oxide (N2O) and Methane (CH4) emissions from soil, plant and livestock are especially important gases to measure, given their high potential as greenhouse gases (GHGs). NH3, whilst not a greenhouse gas on the scale of N2O, CH4 and CO2, is a major emission from agricultural, such...
The amount of water used in and produced by hydraulic fracturing of shale gas wells is in the millions of gallons per well. Whether the water is going to be taken off site for disposal or reused for re-injection, the flowback or produced water needs pretreatment to remove any residual oil from the water. Waiting for remote lab results can take several days to a week. InfraCal TOG/TPH Analyzers allow for oil in water testing at the well site in less than 10 minutes. The sampling requires a few simple steps that...
With the growth of contamination generated from agricultural and industrial production, it causes a threat to the enviroment including drinking water, atmosphere and soil. The chemists have always seeked out the effective analytical methods to detect and identify chemical contaminants. Dikma provides innovative products and application solutions according to government regulations and industry standards, for air and water quality monitoring, gas detection.
Dissolved Species Analysis
Dissolved species analysis employing Hiden's high sensitivity membrane sampling technology for analysis of respiratory gases, hydrocarbons and sulphides is applied to a wide range of application areas including:
Ecolological studies in sea water
Bio fuel production from algae
Pollution monitoring in river, estuary and reservoir waters
Soil core analyses
AMS, Inc. has been a leading provider of high quality sampling equipment since 1942. AMS sampling equipment is primarily used for environmental, geotechnical, and remediation uses as well as soil, soil gas, and groundwater monitoring. In addition, AMS makes PowerProbe direct push/hollowstem auger drill rigs for environmental and geotechnical drilling activities. AMS also manufactures and offers direct push tooling, drilling equipment, accessories, and expendables for soil sampling, groundwater sampling and...
Ormantine USA works closely with consultants, engineers, and other environmental professionals on a daily basis to help find the best solutions to meet individual needs. Ormantine air and soil samplers can be used in: Remediation Performance; Soil Gas Monitoring; Site Assessments; Brownfield Redevelopment; Landfill / Waste Management; Decontamination; Hazardous Material Investigations; Emission Monitoring & Testing; Exposure Assessment; Industrial Hygiene and Risk Management