The migration of magma towards the surface in a volcano is usually accompanied by the release of gas that was previously dissolved in the magma itself. In an open conduit volcano, most of the gas escapes through the main conduits of the volcano and then through the craters. However, a significant proportion (approximately 10%) of the total quantity of gas can escape laterally through faults and fractures that are normally present in the flanks of a volcano. Therefore, increases in the amount of gas emitted usually indicate the initial stages of magmatic migration towards the surface.
By ETG Risorse e Tecnologia S.r.l. based in Montiglio, ITALY.
Measurement of greenhouse gases released from soil and water surface forms an important part of climate change study. Microbial activity in the soil or for instance the melting of permafrost releases greenhouse gases such as Methane and nitrous oxide N2O into the atmosphere. Measurement of the concentration for these gases inside an open-bottom soil chamber placed on the soil over time tells the emission rate (flux) per chamber footprint area.
By Gasmet Technologies Oy based in Helsinki, FINLAND.
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