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toc analysis Applications

  • TOC Correlation to BOD or COD

    Challenge: Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) are traditional parameters analyzed in the laboratory to determine organic matter in water and wastewater. Wastewater facility operators need to have constant data to monitor their discharges and optimize treatment processes (biological treatment, chemical dosing, etc). The requirements of BOD and COD analysis prevent them from being implemented as control parameters, however. The BOD five-day analysis time requirement does not allow an operator to use the data for process optimization and. although COD requires less time than the BOD, its analysis includes the use of hazardous chemicals and has no constant analysis capability.

    By GE Analytical Instruments based in Boulder, COLORADO (USA).

  • Drinking water analysis for municipalities

    GE Analytical Instruments offers several Sievers TOC Analyzer models designed specifically to simplify monitoring of drinking water treatment plants. Always knowing the TOC levels throughout a water treatment plant, and improving TOC reduction, can help a plant not only control DBPs, but also implement efficient and potentially cost saving treatment processes.

    By GE Analytical Instruments based in Boulder, COLORADO (USA).

  • EPR waste minimisation monitoring for wastewater treatment industry

    The EPR regulations have replaced the IPPC regulations and are effective from May 2009 for qualifying companies within the industrial sector and October 2009 within the water sector. They will progressively require industry to minimise waste, reduce product loss and implement improved process control. The legislation will require the operator to self monitor processes and discharges, to demonstrate effective control with particular emphasis on EPR compliance and prevention. The regulating Agency will operate a point scoring system to assess operators under the OMA-3 program and this will be used to identify how well a company is managing their processes and possibly identify areas for improvement. The Environmental Permitting Regulations require industry to install instrumentation (MCERTS approved where available) to report water quality. EPR compliance monitoring may include automatic water sampling, flow measurement, pH, turbidity and TOC water analysis. Industry will need to identify point of source emissions, take steps to correct inefficient control and alarm unacceptable process deviations. Although the legislation focuses on environmental improvement, good housing keeping also makes a lot of sense. Optimisation of process control minimises waste, reduces treatment costs and ultimately saves money.

    By Pollution & Process Monitoring Ltd based in Sevenoaks, UNITED KINGDOM.

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