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total water hardness Applications

  • Industrial water softening

    The presence of certain metal ions in water causes a variety of problems. These ions interfere with the action of soaps, lead to build up of limescale, which can foul plumbing, boilers, heating equipment. Water softening is the removal of calcium, magnesium, and certain other metal cations in hard water. The resulting soft water extends the lifetime of plumbing and heating equipment. Softening of low TDS ( Total Dissolved Solids ) water is done commonly with a Strong Acid Cation ( SAC ) exchange resin operating in the sodium form and regenerated with brine. PuriTech`s latest development is a very performant continuous ion exchanger, based on PuriTech`s innovative ION-IX technology which is based on true counter-current ion exchange.

    By PuriTech Ltd based in Herentals, BELGIUM.

  • Cooling tower water treatment

    The fresh water requirement for a cooling tower in a typical coal-based power plant is approximately 80% of the total consumption of water. These concentrated cooling water blowdown streams are extremely rich in silica, are characterized by higher hardness levels and include other organic loads. Aquatech has vast experience in recycle/reuse solutions for cooling tower blowdown and cooling tower water treatment. 

    By Aquatech International Corporation based in Canonsburg, PENNSYLVANIA (USA).


    Krystal Kleen Car Washes in Hoover, Alabama has removed the water softeners from its three self-service car washes following the installation of the computerized, electronic, water-conditioner Scalewatcher® from Scalewatcher North America. This has not only saved the company thousands of dollars a year in salt but also provided a short-term payback on the units. Krystal Kleen Car Washes is located in a hard water area, with Total Alkalinity of around 200mg/L. This necessitated Jim LeNoir, owner of Kyrstal Kleen Car Washes, using water softeners at his three premises to prevent scale formation and water spotting on the cars. “I decided to try Scalewatcher at Montevallo since this was the hardest water location of the three”, said Jim LeNoir. “I stored the water softener just in case it was needed. However, after a year the Scalewatcher was working just as efficiently as the water softener and the customers were happy. Next installation was at Calera with the same results and finally at Homewood which has a spot free rinse system.” All car washes, including conveyor or rollover; high-pressure touchless automatics and self-serve bays, use water as the primary means of removing the dirt, road grime, salt, and snow off the surface of the vehicle during the wash process. Water softeners are the mainstay in the wash industry, providing a means of removing the hard mineral deposits that prevent soap from working efficiently. Water softeners are utilized to overcome the calcium carbonate that is the primary component of water hardness. However, in many States now, including Southern California, municipalities and water departments are severely limiting, and in some cases prohibiting, the use of salt-regenerating water softeners due to concern regarding the increased levels of salt in ground water. The award-winning Scalewatcher system not only helps car washes meet these regulations by minimizing salt usage but also saves money on salt purchase and has the additional benefit of removing scale from lines and nozzles. The environmentally friendly Scalewatcher provides a permanent solution to hard water problems without the need of chemicals, salt or maintenance. It works by producing a varying electronically applied force field, induced by a coil wrapped around the outside of the pipework, which keeps the minerals in suspension and thus prevents limescale forming. The water’s increased solubility enables it to dissolve existing scale, which is gradually washed away. “All the water softeners have now been removed freeing up much needed space and saving me money. Best of all I no longer have to haul salt pellets”, concluded Jim LeNoir. Scalewatcher models are based on continuous research and over 20 years experience and expertise as market leaders in electronic scale control with countless units sold worldwide. The patented Scalewatcher systems start at $248.00 USD and are capable of treating pipe sizes from one to 80 inches. All Scalewatcher systems come with a full performance guarantee and include free shipping throughout North America.

    By Scalewatcher North America Inc. based in Oxford, PENNSYLVANIA (USA).

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