Determination of the pH value provides information about the acid or base action of the soil solution. This in turn is enormously important for the nutrient supply and microbial activity of the soil. For example, many metals (trace elements) are considerably more mobile in acidic soils. If the soil pH values are very low, toxic levels can soon be reached and these can damage the roots of plants. On the other hand, excessively high pH values quickly lead to a shortage of trace elements because of immobilization.
By Metrohm AG based in Herisau, SWITZERLAND.
Physico-chemical parameters alone are not sufficient in obtaining reliable information on treated wastewater. Online toxicity monitoring must be performed in combination with routine chemical analysis. The assessment of biological effects of wastewater discharges in the ecosystems is today considered relevant and ecotoxicological tests identifying the ecological hazard are useful tools for the identification of environmental impacts.
By microLAN B.V. based in Waalwijk, NETHERLANDS.
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