Monitoring exhaust gas from combustion engines, emitting a large number of different compounds and with rapidly changing concentrations due to variations in operating conditions, necessitates an instrument that measures in real-time and with high sensitivity – an IONICON PTR-TOFMS.
Increased mobility and the soaring worldwide demand for cars have opened up questions regarding sustainability and environmental protection. Hazardous exhaust gases are emitted not only when driving vehicles, but also during their production. The waste gas volumes in the automotive industry reach up to 200,000 Nm³/h.
In a world where there is a drive for everything to be quieter, vehicle noise measurement and control is a growing application. If measurements need to be made to ISO 5130:2007, which is an internationally recognised standard for vehicle exhaust noise testing, a more detailed measurement needs to be made. ISO 5130:2007 requires three consecutive measurements to ensure repeatability. These measurements are taken at a specified engine speed, or RPM, and the maximum sound level produced during the test is taken.
PLAZKAT Aero systems are used to treat emissions from motor and railroad vehicles. It has been found that exhaust gases from internal combustion engines (ICE) contain over 250 ingredients. Major components include carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons.
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of over 100 different chemicals that are known to be formed typically during incomplete combustion of organic matter at high temperature. Their major sources in the atmosphere include industrial processes, vehicle exhausts, waste incinerations, and domestic heating emissions. Due to their carcinogenic/mutagenic effects, 16 PAHs are currently listed as priority air pollutants.
Motor vehicle emissions are a major source of air pollution in urban areas and impact the lives of billions of people every day around the world. Motor vehicle exhaust contains toxic chemicals that are harmful to people’s health when exposed at certain levels. These toxic fumes cause smog in the atmosphere, which can affect very broad regional air sheds and contribute to the formation of cancer. Teledyne API has several products specifically designed to meet the challenging demands of near-roadside air...
Ironically, transit facilities such as airports, bus stations, and train stations are threatened by vehicle exhaust, road dust, crowds of people, and high levels of traffic. The soot from diesel exhausts consists of tiny particles that get caught in lungs and can cause health problems. Partially burned fuels contain carcinogenic hydrocarbons. Inside airports, for example, there are food courts, round-the-clock cleaning operations, and outside air pollution entering with the ventilation air. Some airports have...
Fine dust is generated by industrial exhaust gases but in particular due to traffic. Environmental pollution is therefore caused particularly by exhaust gases of diesel-engined vehicles (diesel soot) but on the other hand also by abrasion of street, tyres and brakes and its resuspensions.