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wastewater dissolved oxygen Applications

  • BOD and COD Removal

    Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been used to reduce the BOD and COD of industrial wastewaters for many years. While the cost of removing BOD / COD through chemical oxidation with hydrogen peroxide is typically greater than that through physical or biological means, there are nonetheless specific situations which justify the use of hydrogen peroxide. These include: Predigestion of wastewaters which contain moderate to high levels of compounds that are toxic, inhibitory, or recalcitrant to biological treatment (e.g., pesticides, plasticizers, resins, coolants, and dyestuffs); Pretreatment of high strength / low flow wastewaters – where biotreatment may not be practical – prior to discharge to a Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW);Enhanced separation of entrained organics by flotation and settling processes; and Supply of supplemental Dissolved Oxygen (DO) when biological treatment systems experience temporary overloads or equipment failure.

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

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    Process Analytics - Water Purification (THORNTON)

    THORNTON specializes in measurements for pure and ultrapure water treatment with parameters of resistivity, conductivity, total organic carbon (TOC), flow, pH, ORP, dissolved oxygen and ozone. THORNTON products are frequently used in semiconductor and microelectronics manufacturing, pharmaceutical and biotechnology processing, and power and steam generation, as well as food and beverage production.

    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc based in Greifensee, SWITZERLAND.

  • Water quality monitoring systems for feedwater, storm & condensate industry

    The most important parameters in Water/Steam Cycles such as Cation conductivity, dissolved oxygen and pH are available as pre-assembled and factory tested units. Dedicated analyzers for sodium, silica, phosphate and hydrazine are also factory tested and calibrated for immediate operation.

    By SWAN Analytische Instrumente AG based in Hinwil, SWITZERLAND.

  • Environmental technology for water treatment industry

    In many fields of water treatment Körting ejectors are applied as gas introducing systems; Waste water aeration in aeration tanks and SBR-Plants. Introducing ozone or oxygen. Pressurised dissolved air flotation. Disinfection of potable water and de-acidification.  Further applications are: Diluting and conveying acids and lye during the process of regenerating ion exchangers.

    By Körting Hannover AG based in Hannover, GERMANY.

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    Monitoring drinking water quality

    Drinking water supply and distribution systems around the world (a critical and interdependent component of a nation’s infrastructure) are vulnerable to both intentional and accidental contamination. Unusual water quality may serve as a warning of potential contamination. The available physico-chemical sensors utilize general water quality parameters, such as free chlorine, oxidation reduction potential (ORP), total organic carbon (TOC), turbidity, pH, dissolved oxygen, chloride, ammonia, nitrate to detect the contamination. Generally, one or more of these water quality parameters will change due to the injection of a contaminant. However, no single chemical sensor responds to all possible contaminants nor can they give any indication of the potential toxicity of complex mixtures.

    By microLAN B.V. based in Waalwijk, NETHERLANDS.

  • US Peroxide Rapid Response

    US Peroxide (USP) is uniquely positioned to rapidly respond to your environmental treatment challenges. USP combines experienced applications and equipment field support with a large inventory of storage systems and pumping modules to respond quickly to time sensitive water and wastewater treatment situations. Advantages With considerable inventory of tank and pump systems as well as our partnerships with leading chemical suppliers, USP can mobilize chemicals and equipment quickly to respond to your rapid response needs, often within 24 hours. We offer dosing options are designed to meet all safety requirements and sized to meet your specific process and dosage rates requirements. Our Applications Engineers and Equipment and Engineering Services teams will provide timely and thorough applications assistance and technical support during the entire project. Download the Rapid Response Solutions Brochure (PDF) Sample Applications Examples of where our Rapid Response Program has successfully addressed treatment challenges include the following: Temporary application of hydrogen peroxide as a source of supplemental dissolved oxygen in biological treatment systems during periods of excessive BOD loading Hydrogen peroxide pretreatment of high strength wastewater to reduce toxicity or BOD/COD prior to biological treatment Emergency hydrogen peroxide treatment of lagoons or ponds to control hydrogen sulfide and other odors Shock cleaning of cooling water systems for biofouling and slime control

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

  • Sulfide Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)

    Sulfide Odor Control Sulfide is found throughout the environment as a result of both natural and industrial processes. Most sulfide found in nature was produced biologically (under anaerobic conditions) and occurs as free hydrogen sulfide (H2S) - characterized by its rotten egg odor. We are most likely to encounter biogenic H2S in sour groundwaters, swamps and marshes, natural gas deposits, and sewage collection/treatment systems. Manmade sources of H2S typically occur as a result of natural materials containing sulfur (e.g., coal, gas and oil) being refined into industrial products. For a variety of reasons - aesthetics (odor control), health (toxicity), ecological (oxygen depletion in receiving waters), and economic (corrosion of equipment and infrastructure) - sulfide laden wastewaters must be handled carefully and remediated before they can be released to the environment. Typical discharge limits for sulfide are < 1 mg/L. Sulfide Treatment Alternatives There are dozens of alternatives for treating sulfide laden waters, ranging from simple air stripping (for the low levels present in groundwaters) to elaborate sulfur recovery plants (used to treat several tons per day at refineries and coal burning power plants). There are processes based on biology (using compost filters, scrubbing media, or inhibition/disinfection), chemistry (oxidation, precipitation, absorption, and combination), and physics (adsorption, volatilization, and incineration). Each process occupies a niche which is often defined by the scale and continuity of treatment, whether the sulfide is in solution or is a gas, the concentration of sulfide involved, and the disposition of the sulfide containing medium. However, for reasons relating to convenience and flexibility, chemical oxidation (using hydrogen peroxide) continues to grow in its scope of application. Treatment with Hydrogen Peroxide While other peroxygens such as permonosulfuric (Caro’s) acid, peracetic acid, and persulfates will oxidize sulfide, their use for this application is overkill. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is considerably simpler and more cost-effective. H2O2 may control sulfides in two ways, depending on the application: Prevention - by providing dissolved oxygen which inhibits the septic conditions which lead to biological sulfide formation; and Destruction - by oxidizing sulfide to elemental sulfur or sulfate ion.

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

  • Filamentous Bulking Control with Hydrogen Peroxide

    Basis of Control with Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen peroxide may be used to correct a serious filamentous bulking situation or, preferably, to prevent one from occurring until adjustments can be made to remove the cause. When applied to the return activated sludge, hydrogen peroxide supplies dissolved oxygen which helps restore the microbial activity necessary for effective operation, while selectively oxidizing the filaments which retard settling. The effective dose of hydrogen peroxide is a function of time and concentration, and varies from plant to plant. To correct a serious bulking problem, immediate results may be obtained by adding 100 - 200 mg/L H2O2 to the biosolids recycle line. Once control of bulking is obtained, the dose may be reduced to 25 - 50 mg/L H2O2 to prevent re-occurrence. Practical Considerations Filamentous bulking of municipal activated sludge is not a normal occurrence, and suggests more fundamental problems may be at work (e.g., low dissolved oxygen, high sulfide input, heavy organic loading, nutrient imbalance, improper sludge age, or rapid changes in influent characteristics). Consequently, the use of chemicals such as hydrogen peroxide to control bulking should be pursued in concurrently with more fundamental corrective measures.

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

  • Headworks Odor and Corrosion Control Using Hydrogen Peroxide

    Hydrogen Peroxide typically controls odors and corrosion at treatment plant headworks by direct oxidation of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) within the wastewater. In the direct oxidation mode, H2O2 is applied to the wastewater 5-30 minutes prior to the point where the odors are being released, generally as the wastewater line enters the plant boundary. The efficiency of hydrogen peroxide treatment depends upon the available reaction time, the level of iron in the wastewater (reaction catalyst), wastewater pH and temperature, and the initial and target levels of H2S odor. Under optimal conditions, effective dose ratios are 1.2 - 1.5 parts H2O2 per part dissolved sulfide, and can be reliably estimated through beaker tests. H2O2 + H2S → S0 + 2H2O Frequently, control of odors through the primary clarifiers is wanted. In such case, the mechanism of control is both direct oxidation of H2S (as it rises from the solids blanket), and prevention of odor generation (by supplying dissolved oxygen). Control is typically achieved with a booster dose of 1-2 mg/L H2O2 added to the clarifier influent. Higher doses or alternate modes of addition may be required in cases where: 1) hydraulic retention times are > 2-3 hours; 2) solids blanket depths are > 1-2 feet; 3) soluble BOD levels are > 200-300 mg/L; or 4) waste activated sludge is co-settled with the primary solids. 2H2O2 → O2 + 2H2O

    By USP Technologies based in Atlanta, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

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