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wastewater toxicity testing Applications

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity testing

    If industrial wastewater entering a treatment works contains toxic components the rate of biodegradation will be inhibited or stop completely. This can result in failed consents and will certainly give rise to operational problems. Visible indications include deflocculation, bulking and the appearance of filamentous bacteria. Sometimes, there are no visible effects. When the sludge bacteria are inhibited, there is the possibility of toxicity carryover in the effluent that is discharged to receiving waters. With new environmental legislation being introduced, worldwide, to protect the natural environment, toxin discharge is now a serious concern for treatment plant managers.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity reduction tests

    In industrial manufacturing companies, before a new process comes on-line, it is important to measure the toxicity of the effluent stream. This is especially the case for companies who treat their own waste. From the toxicity value (EC50) obtained, it may be a cost-effective solution to simply discharge the effluent to the treatment works at a slow and defined rate to minimise damage to the activated sludge. Following a period of acclimatisation it is often possible to increase feed rates to the plant and this can again be managed using the Strathtox Respirometer. An alternative approach is to undertake toxicity reduction procedures, such as neutralisation or acid hydrolysis, in pilot-scale laboratory studies. The Respiration or the Nitrification Inhibition Test may be used for this. In the future, toxicity reduction may be stipulated by local authority, water company or publicly-owned treatment works prior to giving discharge consents. Toxicity reduction may be evaluated using toxicity tests on activated sludge provided by the treatment works.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity tracking

    If toxicity is identified in a mixed sewage entering a treatment works, the problem for the plant manager is to track and identify the source of the toxicity. This can be done by sampling the effluent stream at various points in its length. By working in a logical sequence back up the sewer network the number of samples can be minimised. This type of testing should be rigorously enforced for new product introduction by a waste producer, as well as sampling the effluents directly at source. The samples would be tested against the activated sludge of the receiving works, using the Respiration Inhibition Test or the Nitrification Inhibition Test.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity based consents

    Water companies, water authorities or publicly-owned treatment works (POTW) need to have some knowledge of the composition of the wastes they it receive. In addition to testing for ammonia and BOD or COD levels, treatment works can license industrial discharges on the basis of concentrations of some of the known toxic compounds. However, it is recognised that very many non-regulated toxic materials still enter the treatment works and reduce the efficiency of biodegradation, and may cause toxic shock. The way is now open for more widespread use of direct toxicity tests as a basis for toxicity-based consents. Samples of the industrial effluent are collected at source, for testing on the actual bacteria of the receiving activated sludge. The tests used are the Respiration Inhibition Test and the Nitrification Inhibition Test. Note that this approach mirrors that of the regulators of discharges to receiving waters, who are now using direct toxicity tests (DTA) or whole effluent toxicity tests (WET tests) in order to protect the receiving environment.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in Motherwell, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for monitoring activated sludge health - sour test

    Respiration rate monitoring of Antwerp treatment works showed periods when the activated sludge was up to 40% inhibited, with resultant sludge washout episodes. Using the Health monitoring test, a pattern of ‘normal’ respiration rates for a plant can be determined. Lower respiration rates will alert the treatment works to a chronic toxicity problem, allowing corrective actions to be taken. Toxicity monitoring can now be carried out on a routine daily basis, at all treatment works receiving potentially toxic wastewaters. This is especially important if there has been a history of poor plant performance.

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Waste water treatment plants Air quality control by TRS MEDOR

    Context & Challenges Globally, the wastewater treatment is the first public health issue. Urban development leads to urbanization near waste water treatment plant and extension of sewerage network. These aspects induce to an augmentation of sulfur compounds (H2S, mercaptans and sulfides) which are very corrosive, odorant and toxic. To monitor this compounds online CHROMATOTEC® offers high meteorological solutions. At the entrance of the waste water plants, where the waste water arrives, strongly smelling and polluted air is captured and neutralised by a chemical cleaning process called ‘’Stripping’’. The correct amount of chemical products needed to neutralise the polluted air has to be calculated.

    By Chromatotec Group based in Val de Virvée, FRANCE.

  • Removal of organic compounds & toxity for wastewater treatment industry

    Federal and State regulatory agencies are increasingly requiring additional water quality testing and controls of the toxicity of discharges to receiving streams. Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) helps meet these pollution regulations. If organic chemicals have been identified as contributing to discharge toxicity, Calgon Carbon Corporation can work with facilities, and their engineering firms, to help meet stringent criteria associated with their NPDES permit. GAC can be employed as a cost-effective treatment for removal of organic compounds and toxicity. Even in situations where activated sludge treatment or powdered activated carbon is used for primary wastewater treatment, post treatment with GAC may be necessary to achieve toxicity compliance.

    By Calgon Carbon Corporation based in Pittsburgh, PENNSYLVANIA (USA).

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    Waste water treatment plants Personnel Safety & H2S filter management

    Context & Challenges Globally, the wastewater treatment is the first public health issue. Urban development leads to urbanization near waste water treatment plant and extension of sewerage network. These aspects induce to an augmentation of sulfur compounds (H2S, mercaptans and sulfides) which are very corrosive, odorant and toxic. To monitor this compounds online CHROMATOTEC® offers high meteorological solutions. As a result of the confinement of the waste water stations, toxic components such as H2S and Methylmercaptan increased. Safety of employees on such working sites has therefore become of major problem. To fight this hazardous pollution, air filtering systems have been installed. For the station managers, personal safety coupled with the need for constant air quality control and filter change has been a heavy task.

    By Chromatotec Group based in Val de Virvée, FRANCE.

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    Waste water treatment plants Screening area: stripping

    Context & Challenges Globally, the wastewater treatment is the first public health issue. Urban development leads to urbanization near waste water treatment plant and extension of sewerage network. These aspects induce to an augmentation of sulfur compounds (H2S, mercaptans and sulfides) which are very corrosive, odorant and toxic. To monitor this compounds online CHROMATOTEC® offers high meteorological solutions. To ensure the safety of operatives in the screening building/area of waste water treatment works an H2S analyzer has been installed in the main building to complement the protection provided by individual monitors. Chromatographic measurements show that other sulfurous compounds including Methylmercaptans are present in the air in addition to H2S.

    By Chromatotec Group based in Val de Virvée, FRANCE.

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    Waste water treatment plants Air quality control by TRS MEDOR Online Odor Monitoring

    ontext & Challenges Globally, the wastewater treatment is the first public health issue. Urban development leads to urbanization near waste water treatment plant and extension of sewerage network. These aspects induce to an augmentation of sulfur compounds (H2S, mercaptans and sulfides) which are very corrosive, odorant and toxic. To monitor this compounds online CHROMATOTEC® offers high meteorological solutions. Odors are very distinct air contaminants as they generate nuisances. The factors playing a role in the determination of odor annoyance are: odor concentration and intensity, frequency, appreciation, duration, synergy and location. CHROMATOTEC® proposes an automatic solution to well identify the origin and the level of odors.

    By Chromatotec Group based in Val de Virvée, FRANCE.

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