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water toxicity Applications

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity testing

    If industrial wastewater entering a treatment works contains toxic components the rate of biodegradation will be inhibited or stop completely. This can result in failed consents and will certainly give rise to operational problems. Visible indications include deflocculation, bulking and the appearance of filamentous bacteria. Sometimes, there are no visible effects. When the sludge bacteria are inhibited, there is the possibility of toxicity carryover in the effluent that is discharged to receiving waters. With...

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity tracking

    If toxicity is identified in a mixed sewage entering a treatment works, the problem for the plant manager is to track and identify the source of the toxicity. This can be done by sampling the effluent stream at various points in its length. By working in a logical sequence back up the sewer network the number of samples can be minimised. This type of testing should be rigorously enforced for new product introduction by a waste producer, as well as sampling the effluents directly at source. The samples would be...

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity based consents

    Water companies, water authorities or publicly-owned treatment works (POTW) need to have some knowledge of the composition of the wastes they it receive. In addition to testing for ammonia and BOD or COD levels, treatment works can license industrial discharges on the basis of concentrations of some of the known toxic compounds. However, it is recognised that very many non-regulated toxic materials still enter the treatment works and reduce the efficiency of biodegradation, and may cause toxic shock. The way is...

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Waste water respirometry solutions for toxicity reduction tests

    In industrial manufacturing companies, before a new process comes on-line, it is important to measure the toxicity of the effluent stream. This is especially the case for companies who treat their own waste. From the toxicity value (EC50) obtained, it may be a cost-effective solution to simply discharge the effluent to the treatment works at a slow and defined rate to minimise damage to the activated sludge. Following a period of acclimatisation it is often possible to increase feed rates to the plant and this...

    By Strathkelvin Instruments Ltd. based in North Lanarkshire, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Drinking water treatment

    Drinking water can be produced from any natural sources like groundwater, lakes and rivers (surface waters) or seawater. Drinking water standards are set by the World Health organisation or by the European Union. Drinking water must be free of suspended solids, microorganisms and toxic chemicals. Mineral concentration recommendation vary from country to country but most of the minerals have a maximum concentration recommended to ensure safe, equilibrated and pleasant water to drink.

    By Lenntech Water Treatment based in Delfgauw, NETHERLANDS.

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    Phosphorimetric determination of uranium in water

    Introduction

    The presence of uranium in water causes radiological pollution as all uranium radionuclides decay by both alpha and gamma emissions. Chemical aspects of uranium toxicity include mainly nephritis and other renal diseases. Mentioned harmful features affect on humans even in low concentrations thus requiring sensitive analysis methods.

    By Lumex Instruments Group based in Mission, BRITISH COLUMBIA (CANADA).

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    Determination of chlorate, perchlorate, and chlorite ions in drinking water including bottled water

    Introduction

    Chlorination remains the most widespread way of disinfecting water in the world. Its flaws are: high toxicity of chlorine and other chlorinating reagents, also formation of various chlorine-containing compounds, including chlorite-, chlorate, and perchlorate anions. Maximum permitted levels (MPL) of these components are established in WHO Guidelines for drinking water and other regional and national regulations.

    By Lumex Instruments Group based in Mission, BRITISH COLUMBIA (CANADA).

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    Determination of zinc in water by fluorimetric method

    In accordance with WHO’s Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality there is no health-based guideline value of zinc in water concentration. Concentration of zinc in tap water can increase as a result of its dissolution from pipes. Also, elevated levels of zinc may be an indicator of increased concentrations of other toxic metals; thereby zinc in water analysis is an essential analytical task. Lumex Instruments provides sensitive and selective fluorimetric method for the measurement of mass concentration of zinc in...

    By Lumex Instruments Group based in Mission, BRITISH COLUMBIA (CANADA).

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    Water Treatment Solutions for Nitrate Removal

    Most nitrogenous materials in natural waters tend to be converted to nitrate, so all sources of combined nitrogen, particularly organic nitrogen and ammonia, should be considered as potential nitrate sources. Primary sources of organic nitrates include human sewage and livestock manure, especially from feedlots. The primary inorganic nitrates which may contaminate drinking water are potassium nitrate and ammonium nitrate both of which are widely used as fertilizers. According to the Toxics Release Inventory,...

    By Adedge Water Technologies, LLC based in Buford, GEORGIA (US) (USA).

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    Determination of anionic surfactants in water by fluorimetric method

    Anionic surfactants (A-SAS) represent, by volume, the most important group of surfactants used in cleaning products and the oldest and the largest volume anionic surfactant is soap. In concentrations 0.1 ~ 1.0 mg/L A-SAS become toxic for aquatic environment. Lumex Instruments provides sensitive and selective fluorimetric method for the measurement of mass concentration of anionic surfactants in water samples using the FLUORAT-02 analyzer. The method became the Interstate standard for anionic surfactant in water...

    By Lumex Instruments Group based in Mission, BRITISH COLUMBIA (CANADA).

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    Online monitoring solutions for the drinking water industries

    AppliTek manufactures wet-chemical analyzers specifically designed for measuring on a continuous base the quality indices of drinking water, from raw water intake up to distribution level. Our systems have a small footprint, reduced reagent consumption and show excellent levels of detection in compliance with modern standards. On top of that, the delivery of safe water throughout the water cycle will raise the need for efficient monitoring systems detecting in real-time contaminations. `Broadband toxicity`, a...

    By AppliTek NV based in Nazareth, BELGIUM.

  • Algae control in drinking water reservoirs

    Treating algae in drinking water with ultrasound reduces taste and odour problems without harming the ecosystem. Prevent the occurrence of toxic blue-green algae. Reduce chemical dosage. Products can be NSF/ANSI Standard certified.

    By LG Sonic based in Zoetermeer, NETHERLANDS.

  • Early warning systems for drinking water

    Drinking water supply and distribution systems around the world (a critical and interdependent component of a nation’s infrastructure) are vulnerable to both intentional and accidental contamination. Unusual water quality may serve as a warning of potential contamination. The available physico-chemical sensors utilize general water quality parameters, such as free chlorine, oxidation reduction potential (ORP), total organic carbon (TOC), turbidity, pH, dissolved oxygen, chloride, ammonia, nitrate to...

    By microLAN B.V. - Aqualabo Group based in Waalwijk, NETHERLANDS.

  • Monitoring of Algae in Drinking Water

    The UniLux in-situ fluorometer can be configured to detect a number of key parameters that are of importance to the Water Supply Industry. Primarily, the detection of Chlorophyll a in stored water systems, such as reservoirs, assists in the planning and informs decisions on water abstraction in relation to natural algae blooms that regularly occur throughout the year. As well as Chlorophyll a, these in-situ fluorometers can detect cyanobacterias, such as Phycocyanin and Phycoerythrin, which are often associated...

    By Chelsea Technologies Group based in West Molesey, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Industrial water Ammonia & Arsenic removal from water

    Nitrogen is a nutrient essential to all forms of life as a basic building block of plant and animal protein. Nevertheless, too much of it can be toxic. The processes used for the removal of ammonium ions from drinking waters include ion exchange. PuriTech`s ION-IX system can be broken up into 4 distinctive zones with each zone operating continuously. The resin is initially loaded with the Ammonia ions (and partially calcium and magnesium)in the adsorption zone. As the ION-IX multi-port valve rotates, the resin...

    By PuriTech Ltd based in Herentals, BELGIUM.

  • MPP water purification systems for industrial waste and process water application

    Removal of total spectrum of non-polar and polar hydrocarbons proven in practice: MPPE removes toxic, non-polar, non biodegradable compounds, aromatics, poly aromatics, halogenated, chlorinated, PCBs, THT (TetraHydroTiophene), Dioxins, CS2 etc. Folowed by biotreatment removing polar biodegradable compounds. Optional: UF and/or activated carbon filtration and RO for reuse as process or boiler feed water.

  • Water intake protection monitoring for wastewater treatment industry

    Intake protection systems have been extensively installed to protect water treatment works, from ingress of polluted water and waste-water plants from toxic chemical loads. A suitable system typically comprises a suit of instrumentation, measuring key chemical, physical and indicator parameters dependant upon the identified risks, associated with the individual site activity or discharges from neighbouring industry.

    By Pollution & Process Monitoring Ltd based in Sevenoaks, UNITED KINGDOM.

  • Early warning systems for waste water industry

    Physico-chemical parameters alone are not sufficient in obtaining reliable information on treated wastewater. Online toxicity monitoring must be performed in combination with routine chemical analysis. The assessment of biological effects of wastewater discharges in the ecosystems is today considered relevant and ecotoxicological tests identifying the ecological hazard are useful tools for the identification of environmental impacts.

    By microLAN B.V. - Aqualabo Group based in Waalwijk, NETHERLANDS.

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