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wood gasification Applications

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    Gas Sensing for Gasification

    Syngas (short for synthetic gas) can be burnt and used as a fuel source, the main constituents of syngas are Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Hydrogen (H), which amount for around 85% of Syngas, and it is produced by a process called Gasification. Gasification starts with a base material which can originate from a wide variety of materials for example wood chips and pellets, plastics, municipal solid waste, sewage, waste crops, and fossil fuels such as coal. During Gasification the base material is reacted at high temperature without combustion with controlled amounts of oxygen (O) or steam. The composition of the base material combined with the amount of oxygen and heat used in the process affects the composition of the resultant SynGas, in which the CO can vary between around 20 and 60%. In addition, large amounts of H and CO are also formed. The measurement of CO is therefore an important feature in the production of SynGas.

    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd based in Livingston, UNITED KINGDOM.

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    Woody biomass gasification

    Converting wood waste into electricity—lumber mill off-cuts, wood from forestry thinnings (cleared of leaf matter), disposal of wooden pallets and crating (with nails removed). Wood is chipped, dried, and used to produce electricity, reducing electrical costs and paid disposal. Disposal by gasification also has far lower particulate emissions than controlled burns and a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since methane emissions from anaerobic decomposition are avoided. Decomposing wood reverts all of its carbon content to CO2, but gasification sequesters a portion of it as charcoal waste, usable as biochar.

    By All Power Labs based in Berkeley, CALIFORNIA (USA).

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    Energy from waste wood

    If waste wood is utilized, woody biomass can be a form of renewable energy that complements solar and wind. Furthermore, gasifying the wood to produce electricity is a lot cleaner than disposing via controlled burns, and has a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since decomposition often produces methane, and reverts all of the carbon to carbon dioxide, whereas with gasification, a portion is sequestered as char-ash.

    By All Power Labs based in Berkeley, CALIFORNIA (USA).

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    Dead tree and forest thinning disposal

    Dead trees and wood from forest management can be chipped and dried for gasification. The electricity generated can offset electrical costs while the consumption of waste wood offsets disposal costs. Disposal by gasification also has far lower particulate emissions than controlled burns and a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since methane emissions from anaerobic decomposition are avoided. Decomposing wood reverts all of its carbon content to CO2, but gasification sequesters a portion of it as charcoal waste, usable as biochar.

    By All Power Labs based in Berkeley, CALIFORNIA (USA).

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    Dead tree disposal

    By converting dead trees into wood chips and gasifying them, our machine produces clean electricity and offsets disposal costs. Disposal by gasification also has far lower particulate emissions than controlled burns and a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since methane emissions from anaerobic decomposition are avoided. Decomposing wood reverts all of its carbon content to CO2, but gasification sequesters a portion of it as charcoal waste, usable as biochar.

    By All Power Labs based in Berkeley, CALIFORNIA (USA).

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    Feed-in tariffs while avoiding low price periods

    Biomass energy from gasification, when done responsibly with waste wood or suitable agricultural waste such as nut shells, is often eligible for feed-in tariffs. However, biomass gasification has the advantage of being on-demand, so you can feed renewable energy onto the grid at times when wind and solar are not abundant, enabling you to avoid times when prices are too low due to an excess of wind or solar power being fed to the grid.

    By All Power Labs based in Berkeley, CALIFORNIA (USA).

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    Disposal of dead trees, slash, and thinnings

    Dead trees and wood from forest thinning can be chipped, dried, and converted to renewable energy while eliminating disposal costs. Disposal by gasification also has far lower particulate emissions than controlled burns and a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since methane emissions from anaerobic decomposition are avoided. Decomposing wood reverts all of its carbon content to CO2, but gasification sequesters a portion of it as charcoal waste, usable as biochar.

    By All Power Labs based in Berkeley, CALIFORNIA (USA).

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