About 10 percent of pond owners experience water quality problems in their ponds. Unfortunately, most pond owners pay little attention to managing the quality of water and never get it tested. As a result, the problem is detected only when it gets worst.
Water quality is influenced by both natural processes and external environmental factors.Natural factors may include the types of rock and soil in the water shed and the source of pond water.These factors usually cause fewer problems than external environmental factors, such as land uses, climate, and exposure to light.
Common Water Quality Problems1. Caliform Bacteria
Some forms of microbes, such as coliform bacteria may not only affect water quality, but also lead to waterborne illnesses. These bacteria usually grow in ponds that have a large number of waterfowls or receive animal waste in some other form.
Coliform Bacteria can be a serious concern if the water is used for swimming or farming.However, if you suspect that your pond may have coliform bacteria, you should get your pond tested immediately.
Pesticides may be present in ponds that are sprayed to reduce plant or algal growth,or those that are close to land areas where herbicides are occasionally sprayed.
Aquatic herbicides could be extremely harmful for humans and animals. Therefore,pesticide infused ponds should not be used for swimming, animal watering, or fish breeding.
Moreover, pesticides sprayed on the surrounding land may also reach the pond, especially during windy and rainy season.Although this type of toxicity is usually short lived, excessive concentration may result in animal sickness or death of waterfowls, fishes, and aquatic plants.
Algae are amongst the most common concerns for pond owners as well as farmers.Algae usually result from high concentration of phosphate, nitrate, and other organic nutrients, in addition to excessive exposure to sunlight.
Although some forms of algae do not affect water quality, others may be extremely detrimental for the ecosystem.One of the most toxic species is blue green algae that are commonly found in ponds and water reservoirs. The excessive growth of these algae can sicken or even kill animals.As testing processes for blue green algae are not commonly available, pond owners can prevent severe growth of algae by consistently monitoring water quality.
If you think that your pond is susceptible to algal blooms, contact us and prevent the problem through strict monitoring.