As cultures of wetlands have evolved over long periods of time, they have taken on characteristics unique to that area. Therefore, at first glance they seem quite different. However, upon closer inspection, one can find numerous similarities as well. We have thus taken on the task of surveying a variety of cultures of wetlands throughout Japan, classifying them under ‘Cultures of Conservation and Restoration’; ‘Cultures of Wise Use’; and ‘Cultures of Communication, Education, Participation and Awareness (CEPA)’. We also focused on the management and technologies supporting culture and how these can be transferred from one region to another, resulting in the creation of a national inventory with over 150 examples. At the same time we have conducted local inventories, which continue to this day. While working with local stakeholders there were increasing calls to create an easy-to-understand booklet. This publication presenting “33 Examples of Cultures of Wetlands” is thus our work-in-progress response.