Keywords: emergency management, emergency response, emergency notification, decision making, decision support systems, DSS, Sichuan, earthquakes, China, crisis management, disaster management, natural disasters
A decision analysis framework for emergency notification: the case of the Sichuan earthquake
Notification is one of the major tasks for emergency responses. A timely and appropriate notification can save lives and significantly reduce damages. The importance of notification in emergency has been widely acknowledged. It is, however, challenging to make a quick and right decision on notification. In this paper, we propose a decision analysis framework for emergency notification with the 'six W Dimensions' (6WDs), namely 'when, where, who, why, what and how'. Within each dimension, we analyse the tasks, problems and criteria for decision making. A Decision Support System (DSS) is proposed for the notification decision within the 6WDs. The framework is applied in the case of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake with in-depth analysis.