Rescuers respond to unique emergency situations. Decision making on the scene of an accident is context-bound, embedded in ever-changing environments. Thus, decisions in action sometimes involve huge uncertainty. This paper discusses decision making as part of incident management, as presented in the research literature. Two main theoretical perspectives on decision making in crises are compared. The Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM) and Contingent Decision Path perspectives show the similarities and differences in on-scene crisis decision making. In the light of prevailing crisis management research, we conclude that the researcher faces several challenges. Assumptions about experiences, situation awareness, cognitive reasoning and the reconstruction of on-scene behaviour are not easily retrieved. There is a need to develop a better understanding of and methods for rigorous observation and knowledge elicitation of decision making in crisis settings.
- Inderscience Publishers
- A discussion of decision making applied in incident command
5 Reasons Emergency Vehicle Specs Should Include a Weather Station
“Being aware of the weather conditions before, during, and after an incident is imperative,” quotes columnist Chuck Sallade in Firefighter Nation. Having a weather station on-board emergency vehicles is one of the best ways to manage situational awareness regarding weather conditions. This article outlines a convincing case for including a weather station in the specifications for an emergency vehicle whether for haz-mat or incident command. Most apparatus manufacturers offer weather stations as an...
Environmental factors that influence wildfire protective–action recommendations
Each year wildfire incident commanders (ICs) manage thousands of events throughout the USA that often threaten life and property. In this task they make important decisions to protect both firefighters and citizens, usually under time pressure and uncertainty. Many environmental factors affect the choice and timing of the most effective protective–action in this context (e.g., evacuate, shelter–in–refuge, shelter–in–place). The goal of this research is to identify the critical factors that influence wildfire...
A framework for team–level reliability through a lens of collaboration
The aim of this paper is to develop a behavioural framework for team–level reliability assessment in which different forms of collaboration are used as measures. The paper draws on current theorising on collaboration wherein the concept is divided into a regulatory and a social dimension. This definition of collaboration is further related to research on team–level reliability and principles and conditions for reliable collaboration are proposed. The framework is tested empirically in an explorative observation...
Essential Incident Master™ excels as Netherlands civil servant
Ministry puts Incident Master on 24-hour duty to save time and possibly lives, the system is also used to manage the responsibilities of the EU presidency The National Coordination Centre (NCC) of the Netherlands is in operation around-the-clock, poised to coordinate the flow of information and emergency responses in the event of a major national occurrence. One of the primary roles of the NCC is to act as a crisis center for the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, coordinating the exchange of...
Robust and affordable mobile communications for emergency management
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