Keywords: SMPS, switched–mode power supply, nonlinear control, controller design, PWM, pulse–width modulation, fast–response SMC, sliding–mode control, QBC, quadratic buck converter, power electronics, simulation, dynamic performance, line regulation, load regulation
A fast–response sliding–mode controller for quadratic buck converter
The switched–mode power supplies are widely used in very low voltage and high–power applications where large conversion ratios are required. In such cases, the quadratic buck converter is the suitable one compared to buck, cascaded buck and multi–phase choppers, because of their limitations in switching frequency and losses. This paper presents mathematical analysis, design and simulation of a quadratic buck converter using fixed frequency Pulse–Width Modulation (PWM)–based Sliding–Mode (SM) controller in order to obtain fast dynamic performance. The design aspects include choice of sliding surface, deriving existing and stability conditions, control parameter selection and their analysis. The performance of the proposed converter is compared with the conventional Average Current–Mode (ACM) controller. In average current mode, the tuning of the PI controller for the inner current loop and outer voltage loop is done using bode plots. The simulation results for the two types of controllers are represented for analysing dynamic performance, as well as line and load regulations.