Keywords: distributed generation, scenarios, land use data, GIS, air quality, urban basins, urban areas, pollutant emissions, combined heat and power, CHP, spatial distribution, duty cycle, geographic information systems, electricity generation
A methodology for developing Distributed Generation scenarios in urban areas using geographical information systems
The implementation of Distributed Generation (DG) may lead to increased pollutant emissions that adversely affect air quality. This work presents a systematic methodology to characterise DG installation in urban basins. First, a set of parameters that characterise a DG implementation scenario is described. Second, a general approach using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data is presented. Third, the methodology is demonstrated by application to the South Coast Air Basin (SoCAB) of California. Results show that realistic scenarios in the SoCAB concentrate DG technologies nearby industrial zones and introduce pollutant mass increments no larger than 0.43% with respect to baseline emissions.