A new empirical model for stormwater TSS event mean concentrations (EMCs)

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An empirical model for TSS event mean concentrations in storm weather discharges has been derived from the analysis of data sets collected in two experimental catchments (Chassieu, separate system and Ecully, combined system) in Lyon, France. Preliminary tests have shown that the values of TSS EMCs were linked to the variable X =TP ×ADWP (TP rainfall depth, ADWP antecedent dry weather period) with two distinct behaviours under and above a threshold value of X named λ: EMCs are increasing if X < λ and are decreasing if X > λ. An empirical equation is proposed for both behaviours. A specific calibration method is used to calibrate λ while the 4 other parameters of the model are calibrated by means of the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. The calibration results obtained with 8 events in both sites indicate that the model calibration is satisfactory: Nash Sutcliffe coefficients are all above 0.7. Monte Carlo simulations indicate a low variability of the model parameters for both sites. The model verification with 5 events in Chassieu shows maximum levels of uncertainty of approximately 20%, equivalent to levels of uncertainty observed in the calibration phase.

Keywords: calibration, combined sewer system, event mean concentrations, model, parameters, separate sewer system, suspended solids

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