A participatory approach in regional sustainable development of the Slovak Republic: a case study of the Spis region
In the target region Spis, we see tensions between incentives of social actors for the nature protection and market interest in the face of growing importance of tourism in biodiversity area as the source of income for local population. There is a need for cooperation, communication and forming of partnerships as an important precondition for innovations in agriculture, and also for inventing alternatives for previous management (top-down approach). This is also necessary for creation of social trust among involved groups of actors and social capital evolution. This paper describes the role of a participatory approach in creation of social capital, with a view to the social trust that leads directly to the rural development of the region.
Keywords: participatory approach, regional sustainable development, social capital, institutional change, rural innovations, common-pool resources, ecosystem services, scenarios, sustainability, Slovak Republic, tourism, biodiversity, agriculture, trust