E-waste now has been a rapidly growing problem in terms of quantity and toxicity of its components. Recycling of e-waste becomes rather complicated because of the technological advancement in the materials and composition of the e-equipment. From the management perspective e-waste components can be divided in two categories: 1) organic part contains thermo and thermosetting plastic; 2) inorganic parts consists of metallic and non-metallic components. The current review addresses the various environmental issues related to existing management and proposes microbial participation as a viable and eco-friendly technique. Microbial participation improves the process in a greener way and this technology can be applied for the treatment of both organic as well as inorganic part of the e-waste. It affects organic part principally by its dehalogenation and inorganic part by metal extraction pattern.
Keywords: e-waste management, microbial participation, bioleaching, green technology