The mining industry recognises that sustainability issues define part of the new business reality, in which traditional business responses no longer fully satisfy the expectations of investors, communities, employees, and other stakeholders. Now, mining companies must implement sustainability programmes, at a minimum to appease stakeholders and keep pace with peers in the industry. Conversely, companies have the opportunity to leverage sustainability concepts and initiatives to drive innovation, establish leadership, improve stakeholder relations, and compete more effectively. However, while the new business reality is clear to most, the appropriate business response can be elusive and sustainability implementation can be challenging (
Keywords: sustainability, sustainable development, decision-making for sustainable development, sustainable management, sustainable mining, organisational change for sustainable development, sustainability implementation.