Keywords: innovation, biotechnology, university-industry collaboration, Canada
A study of university-industry linkages in the biotechnology industry: perspectives from Canada
This study focuses on the trends in university-industry linkages in the Canadian biotechnology industry. Technology transfer from university to industry has been a main component in biotechnology innovation. In most industrialised countries, the government has played a role in the development of university-industry relationships. Studies have focused on the pros and cons of university-industry linkages as well as the impact of government funding and regulation on high technology innovation. This paper seeks to understand the patterns of university-industry collaboration, factors influencing such collaboration and the role of government support in university-industry partnerships in three main regions of biotechnology innovation in Canada. These three areas are Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver. Results show that most collaborations within Canada are with local universities as well as with foreign universities. Ontario-based firms are driven by product development whereas Montreal and Vancouver based firms are motivated by their access to university scientists and university research. Government support is acknowledged for firm-based research and technology transfer.