Bauxite waste, known as red mud, is produced in some industrial processes, such as aluminum production process. In this process, the waste material is produced from leached bauxite as a by product. In this research, the removal of Acid Blue 92 (AB92) dye was investigated from aqueous solution onto the activated bauxite waste (red mud) in a batch equilibration system. Besides, the influences of pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time, initial concentration of dye and temperature have been considered. It was found that the OH group is an effective functional group for the adsorption process. The intensity of the peaks correspond to OH group has been significantly climbed after the activation process. The adsorption kinetics of AB92 can be well described by the pseudo-second-order reaction model. Based on the isotherm data obtained from the fittings of the adsorption kinetics, the Langmuir model appears to fit the adsorption process better than the Freundlich and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) models.
Keywords: Acid Blue 92 (AB92), adsorption, isotherm, kinetics model, waste red mud