Universiti Sains Malaysia - School Of Management

Adoption Factors for EMS ISO 14001 in Mayasia

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Courtesy of Universiti Sains Malaysia - School Of Management


The ISO 14001 Environmental Management System standard, designed to introduce environmental improvement into every aspect of a company’s operations, offers an organized approach to manage environmental issues and it has now become a widespread administrative tool towards corporate environmental management. It was introduced in 1996, and has been adopted by over 60,000 firms around the world, including Malaysia. Based on the literature review there are many benefits that firms can gain by adopting ISO 14001. The study is to investigate the factors that influence adoption based on a survey conducted on a sample of ISO 14001 adopter and non-adopter manufacturing firms that operate in Malaysia. Using discriminant analysis, the study identified the factor affecting adoption of the standards. The results indicate that the most influential factors are motivation, followed by role of top management, market orientation, and organizational culture. The study also revealed that perceived benefit factor not plays a significant role in determining adoption. Based on the analysis and discussion, the study concluded that the certification bodies and related institutions has to disseminate information regarding ISO 14001 standard facts as to promote adoption among manufacturing firms in Malaysia.

Key words: Environmental Management System, adoption, discriminant factor, Malaysia

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