Adsorption characteristics of residual oil on amphiphilic chitosan derivative

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In this study, a novel chitosan-based polymeric surfactant, H-Oleoyl-Carboxymethyl chitosan was used as a coagulation agent for cleaning residual oil. The characteristics of H-Oleoyl-Carboxymethyl chitosan were investigated by FTIR and XRD. And the adsorption capacities of chitosan and H-O-CMCS for removing the residue oil from the wastewater of oil extraction have been investigated. H-O-CMCS exhibited a greater rate than chitosan in cleaning the residual oil from the wastewater of oil extraction at the optimum conditions. Equilibrium study, Langmuir/Freundlich adsorption models and the pseudo first- and second-order kinetic models were applied to describe the mechanism of adsorption experiments. The experimental data fitted well with the Langmuir model and the second-order kinetic model. Regeneration studies, using by the roasting and rinsing method, were undergone for three successive adsorption/desorption processes. H-O-CMCS still retained the residual oil removal capacity after regeneration.

Keywords: adsorption, chitosan, H-O-CMCS, regeneration, residual oil

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