Adsorption kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamics of atrazine removal using a banana peel based sorbent
Atrazine removal from water by treated banana peels was studied. The effect of pH, contact time, initial atrazine concentration, and temperature were investigated. Batch experiments demonstrated that 15 g L−1 adsorbent dosage removed 90–99% of atrazine from 1–150 ppm aqueous solutions. The removal was both pH and temperature dependent with the most atrazine removed between pH 7 and 8.2 and increased with increasing temperature. Equilibrium data fitted well to the Langmuir and Redlich–Peterson models in the concentration and temperature ranges investigated, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 14 mg g−1. Simple mass transfer models were applied to the experimental data to examine the adsorption mechanism and it was found that both external mass transfer and intraparticle diffusion played important roles in the adsorption mechanisms. The enthalpy of atrazine adsorption was evaluated to be 67.8 ± 6.3 kJ mol−l with a Gibbs free energy of –5.7 ± 1.2 kJ mol−1.
Keywords: activated carbon, adsorption, atrazine removal, banana peel