John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Adult fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, partial life‐cycle reproductive and gonadal histopathology study with bisphenol A

0
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an intermediate used to produce epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics. Although BPA degrades rapidly in the environment with aquatic half‐lives from 0.5 to 6 d, it can be found in aquatic systems from widespread use. To evaluate potential effects from chronic exposure, fathead minnows were exposed for 164 d to nominal concentrations of 1, 16, 64, 160, and 640 µg/L BPA. Population‐level endpoints of survival, growth, and reproduction were assessed with supplemental endpoints (e.g., vitellogenin, gonad histology), including gonad cell type assessment and quantification. No statistically significant changes in growth, gonad weight, gonadosomatic index, or reproduction variables (e.g., number of eggs and spawns, hatchability) were observed. There was a significant impact on male survival at 640 µ g/L. Vitellogenin increased in both sexes at 64 µg/L or higher. Gonad cell type frequencies were significantly different from controls at 160 µg/L or higher in males with a slight decrease in spermatocytes compared with less mature cell types, and at 640 µg/L in females with a slight decrease in early vitellogenic cells compared with less mature cells. The decrease in spermatocytes did not correspond to a decrease in the most mature sex cell type (spermatozoa) and did not impair male fertility, as hatchability was not impacted. Overall, marginal shifts in gametogenic cell maturation were not associated with any statistically significant effects on population‐relevant reproductive endpoints (growth, fecundity, and hatchability) at any concentration tested. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. © 2012 SETAC

Customer comments

No comments were found for Adult fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, partial life‐cycle reproductive and gonadal histopathology study with bisphenol A. Be the first to comment!