Advanced Application of Product Gases of Thermal Conversion of Biomass and Waste; Integration With the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis
The Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN) is studying the advanced application of product gases from the thermal conversion of biomass and waste (B&W). The Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis is the most promising as it affords diesel-like fuels of high quality and free from sulfur and aromatics. A slurry bubble FT reactor with an iron catalyst is the most suitable for B&W syngases. To optimize economics, the FT process needs a high ‘once through’ conversion, while the unconverted syngas and small hydrocarbons are combusted to produce electricity and heat (trigeneration). Important for implementation of B&W in combination with FT is the demonstration of integrated systems.