Keywords: natural and technological hazards and emergencies, social and economic losses, risk, monitoring, prevention, mitigation, emergency response, new technologies, remote sensing, geographical information systems (GIS)
Advanced procedures for risk assessment and management in Russia
The Russian Federation has developed a comprehensive, high-technology strategy for coping with natural and technological emergencies, risk reduction, and disaster management. The strategy is implemented under special Russian Federal Programs. One of the main goals of these Programs is the creation of the State Unified System of Monitoring and Forecast of Emergency Situations. The Agency of Monitoring and Forecast of Emergency Situations was organised at the beginning of 1997. It combines the efforts of more than 25 organisations belonging to the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Hydrometeorological and Environmental Monitoring Centre, Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Russian Space Agency, Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Nuclear Power Engineering of the Russian Federation and others. Due to the combined efforts of the Agency members, the new technologies and procedures for natural and technological disasters monitoring and forecasts of their consequences are elaborated and implemented. All the technologies and procedures are implemented using a modern Geographical Information System. This system holds promise for the formation of an International Agency on Monitoring and Forecast of Emergency Situations which would benefit all nations.