The last decade has seen a surge of interest in the development of affective driver interfaces designed to enhance driver safety and convey useful information to the driver. These technological advances have brought about changes in the ambient driving environment and clearly have the potential to enhance the driving experience in the years to come. This review provides an overview of existing research approaches to the study of these innovations. Other possible psychophysiological approaches to affective driver interface design, such as via mood induction procedures, are also discussed. Finally, we highlight the likely impact of the latest findings on the topic of multisensory integration research for the future design of affective driver interfaces. In particular, we look at how multisensory driver interfaces may evolve in the future, and assess the likely impact of multisensory warning signals that have been designed specifically to trigger the brain's defensive circuits.
Keywords: affective driver interfaces, interface design, multisensory warning signals, negative emotion, cognitive neuroscience, driver safety, driver information, mood induction, psychophysiology, vehicle safety