Air pollution in Deva-Hunedoara industrial area
Courtesy of Environmental Technology Publications Limited
In central part of Romania there is a very developed industrial area. This industrial area consist of a great number of industrial companies developed in three cities. In this area are the following cities: Deva (80000 inhabitants) where are developed cooper mining industries including processing plants, building material industries, heavy industries and a power station based on coal burning; Hunedoara (80000 inhabitants) placed at 12 km to south of Deva where are developed iron mining industries, iron works, coking plants, manufacturing industries and heavy industries; Cãlan (10000 inhabitants) placed at 15 km to south of Deva where are developed ironworks and coking plants; Simeria (10000 inhabitants) placed at 10 km to east of Deva where are developed railway transport and railway equipment plant. All this industries are very important air pollution sources. The emissions provide from all this companies are very complex. In air could be found solid particles like coal, ash, mineral particles, black carbon, iron, cement, and gaseous noxes like sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, organic compounds. Also radioactive particles are present in air provide from coal ash dumps and from copper ores.