Keywords: renewable energy, cross–border regions, barriers, technology transfer, Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, new technologies, environmentally sound technologies, grid modernisation, distribution grids, lobbying, legislation, land use decisions, planning decisions, administrative decisions, financial support, R&, D, research and development, energy technology, energy policy
An analysis of barriers in fostering technology transfer on renewable energy in cross–border areas
This paper seeks to investigate the barriers in fostering technology transfer of renewable energy, in cross–border areas using the example of Germany, Poland and Czech Republic. In Poland and Czech Republic, renewable energy technologies are available in the early stages of development, while in Germany there are many new technologies, which are technically mature and are being deployed at significant scale. An effective transfer of environmentally sound technologies is affected by existing barriers. In order to overcome these barriers, modernisation of the existing grids, and the building of new distribution grids, supported by lobbying for changes in legislation, and the speeding up of land use and planning and administrative decisions are essential. Moreover, the promotion of new technologies, the financial support for technology transfers and measures aiming to increase the financial support of R&D are important.