An analysis of the damages of Chakoria Sundarban mangrove wetlands and consequences on community livelihoods in south east coast of Bangladesh
Mangrove wetlands constitute a part of human natural and cultural heritage. They have importance for the country's economic, industrial, ecological, socio–economic and cultural aspects. The Chakoria Sundarban is the second largest mangrove wetland ecosystem in south eastern coastal region in Bangladesh. It covers 3.5% of the main Sundarban. The poor of the Chakoria mangrove wetland areas were dependent on mangrove resources for their livelihoods. The wetland habitat is threatened due to unplanned decision and destruction of mangrove forest. The Chakoria mangrove forest and wetland has been completely disappeared within 107 years (1903 to 2010). It was recognised as a driving force for coastal socio–economic improvement and biodiversity conservation. An analytical analysis of the various issues leading to mangrove forest ecosystem degradation is made in this study. The result shows that the coastal communities have lost their livelihoods option. The objective of this study is to understand the present sensitive mangrove wetland ecosystems and shrimp culture scenario analysis for future development.
Keywords: Chakoria Sundarbans, mangrove wetlands, ecosystems, environmental policy, resource protection, environmental management, environmental damage, community livelihoods, Bangladesh, mangrove forests, socio–economic improvement, biodiversity, coastal communities, shrimp culture