An Application of Tomographic Reconstruction of Atmoshperic CO2 Over a Volcanic Site Based on Open Path IR Laser Measurements
Abstract—The southern area of Italy is characterized by the presence of many active volcanic areas. In Pozzuoli (Naples, Italy), an urban area characterized by high volcanic risk, a gas emitting site is present. An high percentage of CO2 is emitted, whose atmospheric concentration measurement is an important task in many environmental and scientific applications. In this paper, we describe the utilization over that area of a mobile infrared (IR) laser system, able to measure the CO2 con centration along rectilinear atmospheric paths up to 1-km length, and the result of tomographic processing applied to retrieve a two-dimensional CO2 concentration field. The laser system computes the link averaged concentration by processing the received IR laser radiation propagated along an open-air rectilinear link connecting the transmitter/receiver laser unit and a passive retroreflector device. A one-day measurement campaign has been made and 15 different atmospheric propagation links were considered moving the transmitter/receiver unit and some retroreflectors. Index Terms—Diode laser, tomography, carbon dioxide (CO2), air remote sensing.