Keywords: biomedical waste, medical waste, waste management, healthcare institutions, Nigeria, public health education, legislation, supervision, training
An assessment of medical waste management in health institutions in Yenagoa, South-South, Nigeria
This study focuses on waste management practices of health institutions in Yenegoa, Nigeria, where rapid urbanisation, poor infrastructure and risk awareness has created a major waste management challenge. Sixty percent of health institutions in the city were studied and it was revealed that standard practice is not followed in the handling and management of biomedical wastes. About 2,000,000 kg of bio-medical waste is generated annually with infectious wastes and sharp items constituting nearly 19%. These wastes are disposed in public waste bins along streets and often dumped in open and unlined landfills. Public health education, stricter legislation and closer supervision of health service providers and training of more biomedical waste experts are recommended.