South Asia combines a low level of regional integration and the presence of relatively high trade barriers. The proportion of trade originating in the region has increased in the last decade but still lags behind many similar regional arrangements. The present study employs an augmented gravity model to examine the impact of a set of macroeconomic and other policy factors on trade flows in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) region. The interesting finding is that export between two countries would increase by 152.2%, if there exists a bilateral trade agreement between countries compared to country-pairs without having bilateral trade ties. The empirical analysis reveals that reduction in tariff level is also a better measure to improve trade in the region. Further, the study supports specialisation in the region based on the relative factor endowments and cost advantage as well.
- Inderscience Publishers
- An empirical examination of trade flows in the SAARC region
Wet weather flow management
For years, population explosion, demographic shifts, urbanization, aging infrastructure, limited water resources, and economic development have driven our water market, and with that our world’s need for total water solutions. For years, population explosion, demographic shifts, urbanization, aging infrastructure, limited water resourcesand economic development have driven our water market, and with that our world’s need for total water solutions. However, in the past decade, we’ve seen these...
Unstable flow structure around partially buried objects on a simulated river bed
The unsteady flow characteristics around two partially buried objects, a short cylinder and a truncated cone, were examined with a three-dimensional, non-hydrostatic hydrodynamic model under similar steady unidirectional currents with flow Reynolds numbers, Re, of 86,061 and 76,209, respectively. Model simulations were conducted with the two objects partially buried in a simulated rippled river bed. A Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equation model coupled with a κ-ε turbulence closure was used to validate...
Evaluation of flow-rate dynamics in the simultaneous photocatalytic treatment of multichlorinated ...
The project investigated the simultaneous degradation of chlorophenols dissolved in aqueous systems. The photocatalysis advanced oxidation process was the technology applied to achieve treatment. Chemical behavioural tracking was performed using the chloride dehalogenation sequence dynamics. The study recorded reductive dehalogenation chemical transformation kinetics of multi-substituted chlorinated phenolics in continuous flow reactor systems. This was performed by manipulation of liquid flow-rates in the...
Design and Analysis of a High Pressure Ratio Mixed Flow Compressor Stage
I. Introduction Smaller frontal area and high thrust to weight ratios of mixed flow compressor stage has resulted in its application for small gas turbine engines in aviation sector  . The efficiency and reliability of the compressor depends to a great extent on flow behavior in its flow passage and its interaction between impeller and diffuser. The complex turning of the flow not only in the impeller but also in the diagonal diffuser complicates the flow field and requires detailed study of the flow utilizing...
Improving flow distribution in influent channels using computational fluid dynamics
Although the flow distribution in an influent channel where the inflow is split into each treatment process in a wastewater treatment plant greatly affects the efficiency of the process, and a weir is the typical structure for the flow distribution, to the authors' knowledge, there is a paucity of research on the flow distribution in an open channel with a weir. In this study, the influent channel of a real-scale wastewater treatment plant was used, installing a suppressed rectangular weir that has a horizontal...