An Experimental Method for Determining Membrane Penetration
A new and simple experimental method is proposed for the determination of membrane penetration due to changes of the effective confining pressure in triaxial and hollow cylinder tests. The proposed method has advantages over existing methods in that it requires neither special devices nor questionable assumptions. It only requires a series of drained isotropic compression tests in a conventional triaxial device with plastic liners. The results from the proposed method are compared to those from several existing experimental and analytical methods.