Keywords: sustainability, sustainable development, co-benefits, energy-environment model, technology-push policy, emissions trading, technology-equivalent benefits, institutional failures, air quality management, India, air pollution, environmental pollution
An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management in India
An integrated strategy for urban Air Quality Management adopts a hierarchical approach – graduating from micro to macro-level management of the problem. The paper provides a conceptual framework, and analyses it in the Indian context through energy-environment modelling and local-level studies. The key insights from the analysis are: technology transfers from developed countries promote environmentally sustainable development; conjoint markets for greenhouse gas and local pollutant mitigation optimises costs and generates co-benefits; a mixed policy regime, including market instruments, is preferable to pure technology-push policies as it can deliver technology-equivalent benefits at lower costs; an independent environment regulatory authority would reduce risks of institutional failures and lower transaction costs.