Keywords: US tribes, American Indians, emergency management, tribal sovereignty, cultural sensitivity, USA, United States, Alaska Native tribes, emergency response
An overview of developing tribal emergency management in the USA
As sovereign governments, American Indian and Alaska Native tribes are responsible for providing prevention, protection, response, and recovery for their members within the evolving Emergency Management (EM) environment in the USA. The current structure for the emergency response system in the USA does not fully embrace tribal sovereignty to allow tribes to maintain their government to government relationship with the federal government. This paper discusses unique issues affecting tribes in the USA and presents a general framework for use in developing tribal EM programmes in this environment.