An overview of the use of satellite navigation for disaster management and emergency response
Navigation satellites provide three main datasets for effective and efficient rescue operations: localisation, navigation and timing services. Three–dimensional (3D) coordinates can be obtained by using these satellites. Navigation feature helps rescue teams to get to a disaster area and rescue location faster, easier and safer. Highly accurate time information is used for synchronisation of electronic devices/systems, which is important for reliable and robust systems. Furthermore, navigation satellites are used for various applications for the disaster management and emergency response. This paper is an overview of the use of navigation satellites for disaster management and emergency response. This paper is intended to be a general resource and capacity building for the disaster managers and responders.
Keywords: navigation satellites, disaster management, emergency response, GNSS, global navigation satellite system, GPS, global positioning systems, GLONASS, GLObal NAvigation Satellite System, Galileo, emergency management, rescue operations, time information, localisation