Keywords: co-generation, electricity projection, inherent save reactors, nuclear desalination, nuclear energy situation, water shortage-passive reactor, water cost, world water shortage, freshwater production, atoms for peace, seawater desalination, nuclear power
An overview on nuclear desalination
One of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy is in freshwater production. The present work focuses on the recent world water situation, large-scale desalination processes, electricity production, and the features required by advanced inherent and passive safe reactors. The relevant economical assessment of these adapted reactors for water-electricity cogeneration have been carried out and compared with the non-nuclear desalination methods. This assessment indicates that nuclear methods, by advanced inherent and passive safe nuclear power plants, are viable for water-electricity cogeneration and combatant more than ever in the recent crude oil situation. In such a case, PBMR and GT-MHR reactors must be taken into consideration as promising reactors for water-electricity cogeneration.