Analysis of local concentration gradients in complex built environments: implications for Air Quality Management Areas
This paper reviews the existing guidance on placement of permanent air quality monitoring stations within urban areas and suggests the principles for a new, performance-based guidance. An integrated air quality model has been developed and validated for the designated Air Quality Management Area (AQMA) located in Glasgow City Centre to analyse the importance of local concentration gradients on positioning of permanent air quality monitoring stations in urban environments. The paper concludes with a call for the use of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in optimising the positioning of permanent air quality monitoring stations within urban areas.
Keywords: environmental pollution, AQMAs, air quality management, air quality monitoring, air quality modelling, street canyons, air pollution, urban areas, monitoring stations, Glasgow, United Kingdom, UK, computational fluid dynamics, CFD