Keywords: urban transport, Beijing, air pollution, climate change, policy assessment, transport technology, China, policy options, clean technology, energy efficient technology, pollution control, environmental policy, diesel cars, compressed natural gas, CNG vehicles, mass transportation, railway transport, barriers
Analysis of policy options for promotion of clean and energy efficient technologies in the transport sector in Beijing
As a extra-large city in China, Beijing faces a serious problem with air pollution. In 1998, a package of air pollution control measures was announced by local government. However in order to reach environment target, further policy options have to be explored. Based on previous studies on technology choices for urban transport in Beijing, this paper presents a policy assessment to examine these options. A methodology framework using criteria for policy evaluation was used in the assessment. Here diesel-car, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) vehicle and Mass Railway based Transport (MRT) were selected, and barriers to their diffusion were identified. For each barrier, a group of policy options to remove the barrier was evaluated by five criteria. A ranking of these policy options is given in this paper.