Understanding of the fate of pollutants, disposed of in streams, is a matter of concern in recent years for the effective control of pollution. Transverse mixing of the pollutants in open channels is arguably more important than the longitudinal mixing and near-field mixing. Several attempts have been made to establish the relationship between the transverse mixing coefficient and bulk channel and flow parameters such as width, depth, shear velocity, friction factor, curvature and sinuosity. This paper presents adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) approach to predict the transverse mixing coefficient in open channel flows. Available laboratory and field data for the transverse mixing coefficients covering wide range of channel and flow conditions are used for the development and testing of the proposed method. The proposed ANFIS approach produces satisfactory results (R2=0.945) compared to the artificial neural network (ANN) model and existing predictors for mixing coefficient.
Keywords: ANFIS, ANN, mixing, open channel flow, pollutant, transverse