The legal basis of the compilation of the EC inventory is Council Decision No 280/2004/EC concerning a mechanism for monitoring Community greenhouse gas emissions and for implementing the Kyoto Protocol (1). The purpose of this decision is to: (1) monitor all anthropogenic GHG emissions covered by the Kyoto Protocol in the Member States; (2) evaluate progress towards meeting GHG reduction commitments under the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol; (3) implement the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol as regards national programmes, greenhouse gas inventories, national systems and registries of the Community and its Member States, and the relevant procedures under the Kyoto Protocol; (4) ensure the timeliness, completeness, accuracy, consistency, comparability and transparency of reporting by the Community and its Member States to the UNFCCC Secretariat.
The EC GHG inventory is compiled on the basis of the inventories of the EC Member States for EU‑15 and EU‑25. It is the direct sum of the national inventories. For EU‑15 energy data from Eurostat is used for the reference approach for CO2 emissions from fossil fuels, developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The main institutions involved in the compilation of the EC GHG inventory are the Member States, the European Commission (DG ENV), the European Environment Agency (EEA) and its European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change (ETC/ACC), Eurostat, and the Joint Research Centre (JRC).
The process of compiling the EC GHG inventory is as follows: Member States submit their annual GHG inventories by 15 January each year to the European Commission, DG Environment. Then, the EEA and its ETC/ACC, Eurostat and JRC perform initial checks on the submitted data. The draft EC GHG inventory and inventory report are circulated to Member States for reviewing and commenting by 28 February. Member States check their national data and information used in the EC GHG inventory report, send updates, if necessary, and review the EC inventory report itself by 15 March. The final EC GHG inventory report are prepared by the EEA and ETC/ACC by 15 April for submission by the European Commission to the UNFCCC Secretariat; a resubmission is prepared by 27 May, if needed.
ES.2 Summary of greenhouse gasemission trends in the EC
EU‑25: Total GHG emissions, without emissions and removals by Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF), in the EU‑25 decreased by 4.8 % between 1990 and 2004 (Figure ES.1). Greenhouse gas emissions increased by 0.4 % (+ 18 million tonnes) between 2003 and 2004.
EU‑15: In 2004 total GHG emissions in the EU‑15, without LULUCF, were 0.6 % (24 million tonnes CO2 equivalents) below 1990. Compared to the base year (2), emissions in 2004 were 0.9 % or 38 million tonnes CO2 equivalents lower. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the EC has agreed to reduce its GHG emissions by 8 % by 2008–2012, from base year levels. Assuming a linear target path from 1990 to 2010, total EU‑15 GHG emissions were 4.7 index points above this target path in 2004 (Figure ES.2).
GHG emission data for the EU‑15 as a whole do not include emissions and removals from LULUCF. In addition, no adjustments for temperature variationsor electricity trade are considered.
The index on the y axis refers to the base year (1995 for fluorinated gases for all Member States except Austria and France, 1990 for fluorinated gases for Austria and France and for all other gases). This means that the value for 1990 needs not to be exactly 100.
Compared to 2003, EU‑15 GHG emissions increased by 0.3 % or 11.5 million tonnes CO2 equivalents in 2004.