BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE
The European Union (EU), as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), reports annually on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the years 1990 to t-2 for emissions and removals within the area covered by its Member States (i.e. domestic emissions taking place within its territory).
The present inventory also constitutes the EU-15 submission under the Kyoto Protocol and covers information and data from Member States available until 8 May 2014. Under the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period, the EU-15 took on a common commitment to reduce emissions by 8 % between 2008 and 2012 compared to emissions in the ‘base year’ (1). The EU-28 does not have a common target under the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period in the same way as the EU-15.
The legal basis for the compilation of the EU inventory is Regulation (EU) 525/2013 on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting GHG emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change and repealing Decision No 280/2004/EC (2).
This Regulation establishes a mechanism for:
(a) ensuring the timeliness, transparency, accuracy, consistency, comparability and completeness of reporting by the Union and its Member States to the UNFCCC Secretariat;
(b) reporting and verifying information relating to commitments of the Union and its Member States pursuant to the UNFCCC, to the Kyoto Protocol and to decisions adopted thereunder, and evaluating progress towards meeting those commitments;
(c) monitoring and reporting all anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHGs not controlled by the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer in Member States;
(d) monitoring, reporting, reviewing and verifying GHG emissions and other information pursuant to Article 6 of Decision No 406/2009/EC;
(e) reporting the use of revenue generated by auctioning allowances under Article 3d(1) or (2) or Article 10(1) of Directive 2003/87/EC, pursuant to Article 3d(4) and Article 10(3) of that Directive;
(f) monitoring and reporting on the actions taken by Member States to adapt to the inevitable consequences of climate change in a cost-effective manner;
(g) evaluating progress by the Member States towards meeting their obligations under Decision No 406/2009/EC.