Application of IHACRES rainfall-runoff model to the Wadi Dhuliel arid catchment, Jordan

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Courtesy of IWA Publishing

With increasing stress on water resources in Jordan, application of rainfall-runoff models can be part of the solution to manage and sustain the water sector. In this paper, the metric conceptual IHACRES model is applied to the Wadi Dhuliel arid catchment, north-east Jordan. Rainfall-runoff data from 19 storm events during 1986 to 1992 have been used in this study. Flood estimation was performed on the basis of daily scales and storm events scales. The model was extended for snowfall in order to cope with such extreme events. Although the best performance of the IHACRES model on a daily basis is poor, the performance on storm events scale showed a good agreement between observed and simulated streamflow. Apart from model parameter values, the principal reasons for IHACRES model success in this region are thought to be based on antecedent soil moisture conditions, rainfall duration and rainfall intensity before and during each storm. The model outputs were likely to be sensitive when the monitored flood was relatively small. The optimum parameter values were influenced by the length of calibration data and event specific changes.

Keywords: arid regions, effective rainfall, IHACRES, rainfall-runoff, snow

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